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  1. Road Safety
  2. Traffic Survey and Evaluation
  3. Public Transportation Survey

Public Transportation Survey

Introduction

Title

  • Public Transportation Survey

Purpose

  • To provide systematic support to the public transportation (PuT) system for development while facilitating citizens’ use of PuT to improve the convenience and efficiency of the traffic system
  • To provide the basic information needed for the effective establishment of PuT-related policies so that the government can support and advance PuT
  • To develop and provide the basic information required for the setup of PuT polices by the central and local governments through efforts such as “Survey on Public Transportation Operation and Access,” “Hours of Accessing Public Transportation and Operating Private Vehicles and Cost Analysis in the Metropolitan Area,” “Public Transportation Transfer Status and Satisfaction Analysis,” “Research on the Minimal Service Level of Public Transportation,” and “Status of Public Transportation Providers and Stat Research related to Public Transportation”

Overview

  • Temporal and spatial scope: Annually
    • Survey method and scope per field of survey
      Field Method Scope
      Survey on Public Transportation Operation and Access Data analysis
      (Traffic card, Ticketing, BIS/BMS)

      Traffic card and BIS/BMS data / Observation survey for local governments with poor data

      Intercity/Express bus and general railroad ticketing data

      (1 week of clear skies, 1 rainy day and 1 snowy day)

      Hours of Accessing Public Transportation and Operating Private Vehicles and Cost Analysis in the Metropolitan Area Utilizing traffic DB and data from portal sites

      Passenger cars and PuT operating in 5 metropolitan areas and other major inter-regional network

      Public Transportation Transfer Status and Satisfaction Analysis Online survey and offline (in-person) survey

      162 cities and towns nationwide

      Research on the Minimal Service Level of Public Transportation Analysis of information and GIS

      (Local PuT) 162 cities and towns

      (Inter-regional PuT) 159 local governments

      (except Jeju, Seogwipo, Ulleungdo) Accessibility

      Status of Public Transportation Providers and Stat Research Related to Public Transportation Literature review, data entry by administrators of local government and providers

      Provider survey: PuT facilities and providers in 9 provinces and 162 cities/towns nationwide

      Local stats survey: 162 cities and towns nationwide

      International stats survey: 34 OECD countries, 20 countries subject to emission survey

  • Content scope
    • PuT users
      • Survey items to improve transfer facilities and establish appropriate PuT including status of access to and transfer of PuT and specific type of vehicles and satisfaction
      • Each survey includes: Average speed, access history, type of access, in-vehicle congestion, timeliness, transfer status, satisfaction level, and quality factors
      PuT users
      Field Item Subject Details
      PuT
      User
      In-region Access status General bus,
      Urban rail/subway
      Number of users, amount of fare, average length and distance of ride, type of access, congestion, timeliness
      Transfer status Characteristics of access, Transfer status
      Satisfaction level Service quality factor, Satisfaction
      Inter-regional Access status Express/
      Intercity bus,
      Express/
      General rail
      Number of users, amount of fare, type of access, etc.
      Transfer status Characteristics of access, Transfer status
      Satisfaction level Service quality factor, Satisfaction
    • PuT facilities and specific type of vehicle
      • Survey items on the efficient operation of PuT such as establishing PuT facilities appropriate for the size of the city and transfer status
      • Includes: Stations, Carport index, Information system, Transfer center/rest area, Number of vehicles in operation, Nonprofit route, etc.
      PuT facilities and specific type of vehicle
      Field Item Subject Details
      PuT
      facilities
      In-region facilities
      (station, carport)
      Point Number and locations of stations, Carport, Information system
      Route Number of routes/Extension/Type/Density
      Area Bus-only lane, Public transport-only area
      Transfer Transfer facilities status, Service level
      Inter-regional facilities
      (terminal, station)
      Point Status of terminals and stations
      Route Route status
      Area Bus-only lane (expressway)
      Transfer Status of complex transfer center/transfer rest area, Service level
      PuT
      Minimal Service Level
      Survey
      In-region mode City bus

      Accessibility of PuT

      Frequency of PuT

      Hours of operating PuT

      Inter-regional mode Intercity bus
      Express bus

      Inter-regional connectivity

      Appropriateness of number of operations

    • PuT provider
      • Survey items to analyze the competitiveness of the PuT industry and management status of providers
      • Includes: Management status and organizational structure, employee status, operation status, annexed facilities of providers
      PuT provider
      Field Item Subject Details
      PuT
      Provider
      Bus

      City bus

      Rural bus

      Town bus

      Intercity bus

      Express bus

      Company (organizational) status, management status, employee status
      Driver status, employment type, salary status
      Rail

      City/Wide area rail

      Express/General rail

      Company (organizational) status, management status, employee status
      Driver status, employment type, salary status
      Terminal Terminal Status, size (area), management status, employee status
    • PuT stat
      • Basic survey item for identification and analysis of general status of PuT
      • Includes: Social and economic indices, general traffic index and basic data for international stat analysis such as population, area, macroeconomic data, transportation mode and facilities, and traffic environment
      PuT stat
      Field Item Subject Details
      PuT
      Stat
      General status Population Number of people, households, license holders, share of senior citizens, population density, etc.
      Area Area, urbanization promotion area and its ratio
      Macroeconomic data GDP, GNI, GRDP, fiscal self-reliance
      General traffic data Facilities/Mode Road/Rail extension, number of registered vehicles, transportation modal share ratio
      Traffic economy Fare status, consumption status per mode
      Traffic environment Accident status, greenhouse gas emission status
      Overseas PuT stat Facilities/Mode Road/Rail extension, transportation performance, transportation modal share ratio
      General status Population, area, GDP
      General traffic data Number of registered vehicles, fare, accident status, greenhouse gas emission

Method

  • Divided into “Survey on Public Transportation Operation and Access Status,” “Public Transportation Transfer Status and Satisfaction Survey,” “Survey on the Minimal Service Level of Public Transportation,” and “Survey Among Providers of Public Transportation and Stats Related to Public Transportation”
  • Results are also divided into the following according to the purpose and subject of each survey: Public Transportation User, Public Transportation Facilities and Mode, Public Transportation Operators, and Public Transportation Stat
Field Details
PuT
User
Survey on Public Transportation Operation
and Access Status
  • Raw traffic card data are collected on weekday, weekend, rainy day, and snowy day through the comprehensive traffic card big data system encompassing local governments with a corresponding system.
  • Route/Station information and route operation history are collected from local governments with BIS/BMS.
  • Observational survey is conducted on a single day – weekday (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday) and weekends -- including times of departure and arrival and number of on-board passengers and disembarking passengers.
Public Transportation Transfer Status
and Satisfaction Survey
  • Basically conduct an online survey among regional public transportation users through online system as well as in-person interviews for local governments (rural area) without sufficient respondents for the online survey.
PuT
Facilities/Mode
Survey on the Minimal Service Level
of Public Transportation
  • Collect basic data such as station location and route information.
  • Determine places with poor service areas (blind spots/vulnerable areas) based on service coverage and number and hours of operations.
  • Establish measures to improve poor service areas.
PuT
provider and stats
Survey Among Providers
of Public Transportation
and Stats Related to
Public Transportation
  • Collect data from submittals from providers and stat literature review.
  • “Submittals from providers” mean the structured data input forms filled out on the system by the local government, bus and city rail/subway operator, and terminal operators.
  • “Stat literature review” involves collecting data from authoritative organizations such as the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport and Korea Research Institute of Transportation Industries and reviewing data from diverse social and economic indices and stats from different organizations.